K

Kaibel G. 1890, Inscriptiones Graecae, 14, Berlin.
Comment: Ostia and Portus: nrs. 913-950.
Kammerer-Grothaus H. 1974, "Der Deus Ridiculus im Triopion des Herodes Attius. Untersuchungen am Bau und zu polychromer Ziegelarchitektur des 2. Jahrhunderts n.Chr. in Latium", RM 81, 131-252.
Kampen N. 1977, "Meaning and social analysis of a late antique sarcophagus", BABesch 52-53, 221-232.
Kampen N. 1981, Image and Status. Roman Working Women in Ostia, 227-229, Berlin.
Reviews: D.C. Bellingham, JRS 74 (1984), 227-229; C. Havice, Woman's Art Journal 6 (1985), 56; G. Zimmer, Gnomon 54 (1982), 851-853; Ch. Bauchhenss-Thueriedl, BJb 184 (1984), 744-746.
Kardos M.J. 1998, "Ciceron et Ostie: quelques reperes pour la recherche sur Ostie republicaine", BAGB. Bulletin de l'Association G. Bude 3, 235-249.
Kater-Sibbes G.F.J. - Vermaseren M.J. 1973, "Preliminary catalogue of Sarapis monuments", EPRO 36, Leiden.
Kaumanns L. 2014, "Neue Inschriftenfunde aus Ostia", Public - Monument - Text: The 14th International Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy - Proceedings (W. Eck - P. Funke eds.), 717-719, Berlin.
Keay S. 2010, "Portus and the Alexandrian Grain Trade Revisited", Bollettino di Archeologia on line 1, 11-22.
Keay S. 2010, "The Portus Project", PBSR 78, 330-334.
Keay S. 2011, "The Roman Ports Project", PBSR 79, 385-387.
Keay S. 2012, "Introduction", Keay 2012, 1-29.
Keay S. 2012, "Portus, Trajan's shipsheds", Current World Archaeology 5,3, 35-40.
Keay S. 2012, "The port system of imperial Rome", Keay 2012, 33-67.
Keay S. 2013, "Archaeological fieldwork reports. The Roman Ports Project", PBSR 81, 366-371.
Keay S. 2014, "The Roman Ports Project", PBSR 82, 335-338.
Keay S. (ed.) 2012, Rome, Portus and the Mediterranean, London.
Reviews: P.B. Millet, JRA 27 (2014), 571-574.
Keay S. - Boetto G. 2010, "Introduction: Portus, Ostia and the Ports of the Roman Mediterranean. Contributions from Archaeology and History", Bollettino di Archeologia on line 1, 1-4.
Keay S. - Earl G. - Beale G. et al. 2013, "Challenges of port landscapes. Integrating geophysics, open area excavation and computer graphic visualisation at Portus and the Isola Sacra", Archaeological survey and the city, 303-357, Oxford.
Keay S. - Earl G. - Felici F. 2011, "Excavation and survey at the Palazzo imperiale 2007-9", Keay - Paroli 2011, 67-91.
Keay S. - Earl G. - Felici F. et al. 2012, "Interim report on an enigmatic new Trajanic building at Portus", JRA 25, 487-512.
Keay S. - Earl G. - Hay S. et al. 2009, "The role of integrated geophysical survey methods in the assessment of archaeological landscapes. The case of Portus", Archaeological Prospection 16, 154-165.
Keay S. - Millett M. - Paroli L. - Strutt K. 2005, "Portus: An Archaeological Survey of the Port of Imperial Rome", Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome, British School at Rome 15, Rome.
Reviews: Ch. Bruun, JRS 97 (2007), 356-358; M. Heinzelmann, JRA 21 (2008), 437-441.
Comment: In AD 42, the Emperor Claudius initiated work on the construction of a new artificial harbour a short distance to the north of the mouth of the Tiber. The harbour facilities were enlarged at the instigation of the Emperor Trajan at the beginning of the second century AD, and Portus remained the principal port for the City of Rome into the Byzantine period. The surviving archaeological remains and comments by ancient sources make it clear that Portus lay at the heart of Rome's maritime fa‡ade. As well as being a key Mediterranean centre for passengers and for the loading, unloading, transshipment and storage of products from across the Empire, it was also designed to make an ideological statement about the supremacy of Rome in the world. Portus is, thus, of key importance to understanding Rome and her relationship to the Empire. The project that forms the subject of this book was designed to use non-destructive techniques of topographic and geophysical survey in combination with systematic surface collection to provide a new understanding of the plan of Portus. The work was undertaken between 1997 and 2002 as a collaboration between the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici di Ostia, the British School at Rome, and the Universities of Southampton, Durham and Cambridge. This volume presents the full results of the survey and uses them as the basis for a re- evaluation of the whole port complex. The geophysical survey results are interpreted in the context of earlier work at the site in order to offer new perspectives on the character and development of the site. 360p, 233 b/w illus, one fold- out. ISBN 0904152472. Paperback. Price GB pound 49.50.
Keay S. - Millett M. - Strutt K. 2004, "Recent archaeological survey at Portus", Le strutture dei porti e degli approdi antichi (ANSER II) (A.G. Zevi - R. Turchetti eds.), 221-232.
Keay S. - Millett M. - Strutt K. 2008, "Recent archaeological survey at Portus", The maritime world of ancient Rome, 97-104, Ann Arbor.
Keay S. - Paroli L. (eds.) 2011, Portus and its hinterland: recent archaeological research, London.
Reviews: C. Pavolini, JRA 26 (2013), 589-600.
Keyes C.W. 1912, "Minerva Victrix? Note on the winged Goddess of Ostia", AJA 16, 490-494.
Kieburg A. 2008, "The Distribution of the Catering Trade in Ostia Antica", Food and drink in Archaeology I, 57-64, Totnes.
Kieburg A. 2009, "Roman tavern life. Remarks on the remains of taverns in Ostia antica", SOMA 2007. Proceedings of the XI Symposium on Mediterranean archaeology, 457-462, Oxford.
Killerich B. 2014, "The opus sectile from Porta Marina at Ostia and the aesthetics of interior decoration", Production and prosperity in the Theodosian period, 169-187, Leuven.
Killgrove K. 2010, "Response to C. Bruun, 'Water, oxygen isotopes, and immigration to Ostia-Portus'", JRA 23, 133-136.
King C.E. 1959, "The Maxentian Mints", NC, 47-78.
King C.E. - Northover J.P. 1991, "Fractional Coins at Rome, Ostia and Trier A.D. 310-313", QuadTic 20, 227-238.
Klauser T. 1939, "Die Inschrift der neugefundenen altchristlichen Bauanlage in Ostia", RomQSchr 47, 25-30.
Kleberg T. 1957, Hotels, restaurants et cabarets dans l'antiquite romaine, Uppsala.
Kleijwegt M. 1993, "Young Men on the Council of Ostia", Charistion CPT Naude (ed. U. Vogel-Weidemann), 45-62, Pretoria.
Kleijwegt M. 1994, "Schola Iuvenum seu caplatorum", Epigraphica 56, 29-40.
Comment: In note 47 the author discusses the mosaic-inscription 'Statio Cunnulingiorum' from the Terme della Trinacria, and suggests that it was the unofficial nickname of a iuventus-type organisation (author's comment: 'but that was just speculating').
Kleiner D.E. 1981, "Second Century Mythological Portraiture: Mars and Venus", Latomus 40, 512-544.
Kleiner D.E. 1999, Roman Sculpture, 281.
Comment: On the group of Mars and Venus from the Aula del Gruppo di Marte e Venere.
Kockel V. 1992, "Ostia im 2. Jahrhundert n. Chr. Beobachtungen zum Wandel eines Stadtbilds", Die roemische Stadt im 2. Jahrhundert n.Chr., 99-117, Koeln.
Kockel V. 1994-1995, "Il palazzo per tutti", Nuernberger Blaetter zur Archaeologie 11, 23-36.
Comment: On fascist imitation of Ostian architecture.
Kockel V. 1999, "Ausgrabungen der Universitaet Augsburg im sog. Macellum von Ostia", Meded 58, 22-24.
Kockel V. 2000, "Ostia. Antike", Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopaedie der Antike 9, 96-102, Stuttgart-Weimar.
Kockel V. 2001, "Il 'palazzo per tutti'. La decouverte des immeubles de location antiques et son influence sur l'architecture de la Rome fasciste", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 66-73.
Kockel V. 2001, "Ostia und Porto. Nachantike, Wirkungsgeschichte", Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopaedie der Antike 15,1, 1246-1254, Stuttgart-Weimar.
Kockel V. 2001, "Ostie: images de la ville", Descoeudres J.-P. 2001, 81-90.
Kockel V. 2014, "Fragmente marmorner Architekturverkleidungen aus dem sog. Macellum in Ostia (IV, V, 2)", RM 120, 227-242.
Kockel V. - Ortisi S. 2000, "Ostia. Sogenanntes Macellum (IV 5,2). Vorbericht ueber die Ausgrabungen der Universitaet Augsburg 1997/1998", RM 107, 351-364.
Kockel V. - Ortisi S. 2010, "Fragmente von Wandmalerei aus dem sogennanten Macellum in Ostia (IV 5, 2). Mit einem Appendix zur Datierung", Atti del X Congresso internazionale dell'AIPMA (Association internationale pour la peinture murale antique), 481-487, Napoli.
Kolb F. 1995, Rom. Die Geschichte der Stadt in der Antike.
Comment: Ostia and harbour: 521-535.
Kolendo J. 1969, "Epigraphie et archeologie: le 'praepositus camellorum' dans une inscription d'Ostie", Klio 51, 287 ff.
Koloski-Ostrow A.O. - Moormann E.M. 2011, "Cultural attitudes. Case study. The paintings of philosophers in the baths of the Seven Sages in Ostia", Roman toilets. Their archaeology and cultural history, 178-181, Leuven.
Konen H. 2001, "Die Schiffsbauer und Werften in den antiken Haefen von Ostia und Portus", Munst. Beitr. Ant. Handelsgeschichte 20,2, 1-36.
Comment: Abstract. The shipwrights and shipyards in the ancient Ports of Ostia and Portus. From the list of members of the association of shipwrights of Portus and Ostia and further inscriptions which provide information about the fabri navales and the associations of craftsmen co-operating with them (especially the stuppatores, restiones and pelliones), the high standing of the shipbuilding branch in the two harbour metropolises at the estuary of the Tiber in the imperial period can be clearly appreciated. An almost insatiable demand for transport space and the constant obligation to maintain and repair the seagoing and river vessels brought a large number of shipyards full order books and their owners great wealth and repute. However, unlike the vocational association of shipwrights in Ostia, the corpus fabrum navalium Portensium seems to have been subject to a direct state control already at the turn of the 3rd century which is ascribable to the requirements of the state-operated supply of grain for the city of Rome.
Kossmann D. 2015, "Eine lateinische Grabinschrift in Japan", ZPE 193, 283-286.
Kousser R. 2007, "Mythological Group Portraits in Antonine Rome: The Performance of Myth", AJA 111, 673-691.
Comment: About two statuary groups of Mars and Venus from Ostia and the Isola Sacra. About an altar of Concordia on the Forum.
Kraabel A.T. 1979, "The Diaspora Synagogue: Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence since Sukenik", ANRW 2,19,1, 477-510.
Kraabel A.T. 1982, "The excavated synagogues of Late Antiquity from Asia Minor to Italy", 16. Intern. Byzantinistenkongress, Wien 1981, 227-235.
Kremer D. 2013, "Un conflit de propriete a Ostie au milieu du IIe siecle de n.e. Nouvelles considerations sur la supposee fondation funeraire de Iunia Libertas", IVRA 61, 25-45.
Kretschmer M. 1926, "Ostia, The Harbor of Ancient Rome", CJ, 26.
Kuenzl E. 1968, Fruehhellenistische Gruppen, Koeln.
Comment: Discusses a group of wrestlers from Ostia.
Kunckel H. 1974, "Der roemische Genius", MdI Ergaenzungsheft 20, Heidelberg.
Kuroda T. 2012, "Formation of medieval urban tissue from the reutilization of the Roman aqueduct ruins in Borgo di Ostia", Report of the investigation of Ostia Antica 2008 - 2010. Japanese Research Group of Ostia Antica, 27-39, Tokio.