W

Waarsenburg D.J. 1998, "De oudste sporen van Ostia. Van de Bronstijd tot de stichting van het castrum", Hermeneus 70,2, 60-69.
Comment: In Dutch. The author suggests that the Castrum was built between 292/291 and 278 BC, and that this was recorded in book XI of Livy, which has not been preserved.
Wachmeier G. 1987(3), Rom: die antiken Denkmaeler: mit Villa Hadriana, Ostia antica und Praeneste, Zuerich.
Walker S. 1985, Memorials to the Roman Dead, London.
Walsh P.G. 1961, "Christianity at Ostia: a New Survey", The month, a Catholic review conducted by the Jesuit Fathers 25, 47 ff.
Waltzing J.P. 1895-1900, Etude historique sur les corporations professionnelles chez les Romains depuis les origines jusqu'a la chute de l'Empire d'Occident, 1-4, Naples-Rome.
Warren L. 1957, An Endymion sarcophagus from Ostia in the Metropolitan museum, Univ. of Cincinnati.
Comment: Thesis (M.A.).
Watts C.M. 1987, A pattern language for houses at Pompeii, Herculaneum and Ostia, Ann Arbor.
Watts C.M. - Watts D.J. 1987, "Geometrical ordening of the garden houses at Ostia", JSAH 46, 265-276.
Watts D.J. 1997, "Ein altroemischer Apartmentkomplex", Fruehe Stadtkulturen, 89-93, Heidelberg.
Wavelet D. - Morard T. 2001, "Ostie. Nouveau projet de recherches de l'Universite de Lyon II sur la Schola du Trajan", MEFRA 113, 477-481.
Weber H. 1955, "Unknown", Gnomon 28, 445 ff.
Weber J. - Prochaska W. - Zimmermann N. 2009, "Microscopic techniques to study Roman renders and mural paintings from various sites", Materials Characterization 60, 586-593.
Comment: On technical aspects of painting at various sites, including Ostia.
Weber L.J. 1960, "Eine Aschenkiste aus Ostia", JMainz 7, 308-316.
Weiss P. 1991, "Bleietiketten mit Warenangaben aus dem Umfeld von Rom", Tyche 6, 211-220.
Werner K.E. 1998, Die Sammlung antiker Mosaiken in den Vatikanischen Museen, Citta del Vaticano.
Comment: Extensive discussion of mosaics from the Palazzo Imperiale: 314-332, 346 f.
Wessel K. 1959, "Ein spaetantikes Bildnis des Themistokles?", Jahrbuch 75, 124-136.
Wey F. 1872, "To the Excavations at Ostia", Rome, containing three hundred and forty-five engravings on wood, designed by the most celebrated artists, with an introduction by W.W. Story, 579-584, New York.
Comment: Incl. an engraving of the Castello, entitled 'Fortified Village of Ostia'.
White L.M. 1997, "Synagogue and Society in Imperial Ostia: Archeological and Epigraphic Evidence", HThR 90,1, 23-58.
Comment: Subtitle: Understanding the development of the 1st century Christian movement through an analysis of the evidence for the social location and organization of Roman Jewry: Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence.
White L.M. 1998, "Synagogue and Society in Imperial Ostia: Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence", Judaism and Christianity in First-Century Rome (K.P. Donfried - P. Richardson eds.), 30-68, Grand Rapids.
White L.M. 1999, "Reading the Ostia Synagogue: A reply to A. Runesson (Regarding the nature and history of the Jewish diaspora community)", HThR 92,4, 435-464.
White L.M. 2012, "The Changing Face of Mithraism at Ostia. Archaeology, Art, and the Urban Landscape", Contested Spaces. Houses and Temples in Roman Antiquity and the New Testament (D.L. Balch - A. Weissenrieder eds.), 435-492, Tuebingen.
Whittaker C.R. 1964, "The Revolt of Papirius Dionysius AD 190", Historia 13, 348-369.
Wickert L. 1928, "Vorbemerkungen zu einem Supplementum Ostiense des CIL", Sitz. der Preuss. Ak. Wiss., 36 ff.
Wickert L. 1930,1933, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum XIV, Supplement.
Reviews: E. Lommatzsch, Gnomon 10 (1934), 309-314; G. Calza, DLZ 5,7 (1936), 462-466.
Widemann F. - Naciri A. 1989, "Analisi delle anfore galliche d'Ostia. Variazione delle origini del vino gallico consumato a Roma nelle diverse epoche", Amphores romaines et histoire economique. Dix ans de recherche. Actes du colloque de Sienne, 1986, 285-296, Roma.
Wild R.A. 1984, "The Known Isis-Sarapis Sanctuaries of the Roman Period", ANRW II,17,4, 1801ff.
Willers D. 1969, "Zwei Hermenkoepfe in roemischem Privatbesitz", RM 76, 313-319.
Williams D. 2014, "Digging in the Archives: A Late Roman Coin Assemblage from the Synagogue at Ancient Ostia (Italy)", AJN 26, 245-273.
Wilson A. 2003, "The archaeology of the Roman fullonica", JRA 16, 442-446.
Comment: Response to Bradley 2002.
Wilson F.H. 1935, "Studies in the Social and Economic History of Ostia 1", BSR 13, 41-68.
Wilson F.H. 1935, "The So-Called 'Magazzini Repubblicane' near the Porta Romana at Ostia", BSR 13, 77-87.
Wilson F.H. 1938, "Studies in the Social and Economic History of Ostia 2", BSR 14, 152 ff.
Wirsching A. 2000, "How the obelisks reached Rome: evidence of Roman double-ships", IJNA 29, 273-283.
Comment: About a ship used as foundation for the lighthouse.
Wirsching A. 2002, "Die Obelisken auf dem Seeweg nach Rom", RM 109, 141-156.
Comment: Abstract. The erection of two obelisks at Rome before 10 B.C. must be considered in connection with the erection of two obelisks at Alexandria 13-12 B.C. The comparison of all activities around these events indicates, that a close co-operation of Romans and Egyptians took place from 15 B.C. onward. Before the first obelisk transport to Rome, Roman engineers and shipbuilders had the opportunity to study the Egyptian transport technology on the Nile. Based on these experiences, the Roman navy was capable of constructing an appropriate ship for the transport of obelisks across the Mediterranean. Until now it was believed, that heavy, granite objects were laid on top of ships at the stone quarries near Aswan and then brought northward. This assumption can no longer be upheld. Instead columns and obelisks were transported hanging in water between the two hulls of a double-ship. The loading of a double-ship was easy and without using any power. The Roman obelisk-ship was composed of three interconnected ships. Two ships supported the obelisk, which hung between them in the water, and the third ship was centred between their bows. The ship in front provided the streamlined water flow necessary at open sea, and also the propulsion. Of all Roman ship types the trireme appears best suited to be adapted to this role as an integral part of the obelisk-ship. As the result of this investigation every detail contained in reports of Pliny, Suetonius and Ammianus corresponds to the construction of the hypothetical Roman obelisk-ship. Definite clues about the Roman double-ship technology give remarks on the sinking of Caligula's obelisk-ship in the Portus near Ostia. A part of the former western mole, which consists of pozzolana concrete has to be interpreted as a platform built up on pillars above the obelisk-ship.
Wirsching A. 2003, "Supplementary remarks on the Roman obelisk-ships", IJNA 32, 121-123.
Comment: About a ship used a foundation for the lighthouse.
Wirth F. 1934(2), Roemische Wandmalerei vom Untergang Pompejis bis ans Ende des dritten Jahrhunderts, Berlin.
Wiseman T.P. 1968, "Pulcher Claudius", HSCP 74, 207 ff.
Comment: Ostia: 217.
Wotschitzky A. 1955, "Hochhauser im antiken Rom", Innsbrucker Beitrage zur Kulturwissenschaft 3, 151-158.
Wright L.D. 1978, "River Deltas", Coastal Sedimentary Environments (R.A. Davis Jr. ed.), 1-68.
Wylie W.M. 1870, Notes accompanying eight plates of antiquities, comprising bronze and other ornaments from Praeneste, Ostia, and Albano, and two archaic bronze cars, London.
Comment: 'From the Appendix to Archaeologia, vol. XLII' (presum. = publ. by the Society of Antiquaries of London).
Wyman P. - Simmons M. 1971, "Ostia", Ginn history patch series: the Romans, London.
Comment: Publisher: Ginn. ISBN 0-602-21488-2.