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Regio I - Insula IX - Caseggiato dietro la Curia (I,IX,1)

The Caseggiato dietro la Curia, or Building behind the Curia (also called Casa Basilicale) was erected during the reign of Hadrian, c. 120 AD (opus mixtum). The remains of three small houses from the republican period were found below. The street to the north was therefore called Via delle Casette Repubblicane.

The facade had a layer of white plaster. Irregular remains of red paint were found, pointing to (commercial?) texts. In the centre of the facade is the entrance vestibule, next to a staircase. In the facade, flanking the vestibule, are two recesses for terracotta reliefs. These were either shop signs or religious reliefs, with depictions of deities protecting the building and its inhabitants.

Along the road are six shops. They were interconnected. The doors between the eastern shops were later blocked. The shops had a pavement of opus spicatum. To the south is a long courtyard, open to the sky except for the central part, that, like a bridge, connected the upper floors of the northern and southern part. The courtyard too was paved with opus spicatum. In the west wall is a huge hole, made at an unknown point in time by people in search of marble objects. In the eastern half of the courtyard is a well. Three rooms to the south were lit from the courtyard through windows. Remains of mosaic floors suggest that these rooms were habitations, but a commercial function cannot be excluded.

Plan of the caseggiato

Plan of the caseggiato. After SO I.

Photographs and drawings

The building seen from the east, from the Capitolium. Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

The central part of the building seen from the east. Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

The south-east part of the building seen from the east. Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.

Reconstruction drawing of the courtyard, from the west.
From Calza 1923, Tav. VI,1.

[jthb - 15-Jul-2003]