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1914 - 1937

Vaglieri was succeeded by Angelo Pasqui, who was director for only one year. The next director, from 1914 to 1924, was Roberto Paribeni. In 1917 a large part of the ancient city that was owned by the Aldobrandini family was acquired through expropriation (the family still owns part of the city, in the north-east, with the chapel San Sebastiano). Guido Calza remained active in Ostia, albeit with an absence in the years 1915-1921, and became director in 1924. After the death of Vaglieri more ruins were slowly unearthed, such as the Grandi Horrea, Caseggiato dei Molini, Casa di Diana, Insula del Larario, Horrea Epagathiana and Terme del Foro. Calza then turned his attention to the necropolis on the Isola Sacra, the artificial island between Ostia and Portus. The documentation is meagre. Once again the excavators were not interested in stratigraphy and the place of discovery of objects. They talked of "archaeology of the spade and the pickaxe".

A plan of Ostia with the location of the chapel of S. Sebastiano, property of the Aldobrandini family.
From the Blue Guide 1925.

The excavations of the Caseggiato dietro la Curia (I,IX,1). Early 1920's. Photograph: SAOA B2257.

The building as it appears today. The large hole at the end of the central corridor is part of a tunnel,
made by people in search for marble. Photograph: Jan Theo Bakker.