|| OSTIA THE EXCAVATIONS AND RESTORATIONS
|Bringing order to a battlefield.
Almost all ruins of Ostia Antica were unearthed in the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. The first systematic excavations, initiated by pope Pius VII, were carried out by Petrini in the years 1801-1805. More or less structural activities began once more in 1855, under the auspices of pope Pius IX. The excavators were Pietro Ercole and Carlo Ludovico Visconti. From 1870 the excavations were continued by Pietro Rosa and Rodolfo Lanciani. Truly scientific research started in 1907 by Dante Vaglieri, who died in 1913. He was succeeded by Guido Calza. Calza died in 1946. After the Second World War a few more buildings were excavated, such as the Synagogue, and many small trenches were dug.
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Stefano Stani (Soprintendenza Archeologica di Ostia)
Paola Olivanti (Soprintendenza Archeologica di Ostia)
All photographs marked "SAOA [neg.nr.]": © Archivio Fotografico Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici di Ostia
Letter by the Soprintendente