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Isola Sacra - 1 Bridge of Matidia

In the 1970's an inscription was found with two texts, that mention a bridge over the Fossa Traiana, the Pons Matidiae (AE 1975, 44-45 nrs. 137-138). Matidia was a niece of Trajan. She may have owned property on either side of the bridge.

A few remains of the bridge have been found near the inscription, on both banks and in the centre of the Fossa Traiana. It reached the north bank 50 metres to the east of the north-south channel leading to Trajan's basin. The upper part was probably made of wood. The inscription informs us about two rebuildings. The bridge was rebuilt by Theodosius and Honorius (412-423 AD) after it had been destroyed by fire, probably in 408 AD by Alaric and the Goths. It was rebuilt again by a Praefectus Annonae in the fifth century after it had collapsed (vetustate lapsum). These are the texts on two sides of the stone:

D(ominis) N(ostris duobus) INVICTISSIMVS PRINCIPI(bus) FLAVIIS HONORIO ET
THEODOSIO PIIS FELICIB(us) VICTORIB(us) AC TRIVMFATORIB(us) SEMP(er) AVG(ustis)
PONTEM MATIDIAE TRANSITV INTERCEPTO CESSANTEM AC BVSTO
OBRATVM [---] FVNDANIVS MARTYRIVS FELIX VIR C(larissimus)
PRA[e(fectus) ann(onae)? ---]TOQ(ue) CONSTRVC
TVM [--- consu]MMATO
OPERE IDE[m]Q[ue---] DEDICAVIT
FLORENTISSIMO STATV IMPERII ROMANI FLAVIVS SPENDONIVS
AVFIDIVS V(ir) C(larissimus) ET SPECT[abilis] COM(es) PRIMI ORD(inis) ET PRAEF(ectus)
ANNONAE
PONTEM VETVSTATE LAPSVM REPARABIT DEDICANTE
MECVM PARITER IVNIO POMPONIO AMMONIO
VIRO INLVSTRI VRBI PRAEFECTO

[jthb - 10-May-2009]