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Egyptian deities

  • Maria Floriani Squarciapino, The cult of Isis, Serapis and of other Egyptian deities ("I culti orientali ad Ostia", EPRO 3, Leiden 1962, pages 19-36 - English translation)

  • Buildings

    Iseum of Ostia
  • In Fana, Templa, Delubra
  • Serapeum of Ostia (III,XVII,4)
  • On this website
  • In Fana, Templa, Delubra
  • Shrine of Serapis in the Caseggiato del Serapide (III,X,3)
  • On this website
  • In Fana, Templa, Delubra
  • Iseum on the Isola Sacra
  • On this website
  • In Fana, Templa, Delubra
  • Iseum of Portus
  • In Fana, Templa, Delubra
  • Serapeum of Portus
  • In Fana, Templa, Delubra
  • Schola of the cultores Serapis in Portus
  • In Fana, Templa, Delubra

  • Inscriptions (from Recueil des Inscriptions concernant les Cultes Isiaques (RICIS) - photos in the PDF's are clickable)

    ID RICIS ID other Description Place of discovery Date
    503/1101 CIL XIV, 1044 Epistylium of tomb of Flavia Caecilia and Q. Maecius Iuvenalis Ostia, Porta Romana necropolis Late first - early second century AD
    503/1102   The temple of Serapis in the Fasti Ostienses Ostia  
    503/1103 AE 1956, 76 Dedication to Jupiter Serapis Ostia, Serapeum 127 AD
    503/1104 AE 2004, 365 Dedication of decoration by Titus Statilius Optatio Ostia, Serapeum Late second - third century AD
    503/1105   Dedication to Jupiter Serapis by Titus Statilius Florus Ostia, Serapeum Second - third century AD
    503/1106 AE 1971, 63
    AE 1988, 216
    AE 2004, 366
    Dedication to Jupiter Serapis Ostia, Serapeum Second century, after 127 AD
    503/1107   Dedication by members of the gens Statilia Ostia, Terme della Trinacria Second - third century AD
    503/1108   Dedication to Jupiter Sol Serapis Ostia, near Via della Foce Second - third century AD
    503/1109   Dedication to Jupiter Sol Serapis Ostia First half of the second century AD
    503/1110   Dedication to Jupiter Sol Serapis Ostia Second - third century AD
    503/1111   Dedication to the holy Serapis Ostia, area of Via della Fortuna Annonaria  
    503/1112   Dedication by a physician, member of the gens Statilia Ostia, Serapeum Second century AD
    503/1113 CIL XIV, 21 Dedication to Isis Bubastis Ostia, on the banks of the Tiber near the Capitolium Middle of the second century AD
    503/1114 CIL XIV, 20 Dedication to Isis, Sarapis, Silvanus and the Lares Ostia, near Tor Boacciana Summer 175 - summer 176 AD
    503/1115 CIL XIV, 352 Honorary inscription for Decimus Fabius Florus Veranus Unknown, Albani collection March 16 (?) 251 AD
    503/1116   Dedication to Isis and the Genius cenacli Ostia, north side of the Terme del Faro Third century AD
    503/1117   Dedication to Fortuna and the great god Serapis Ostia, Horrea V,XII,2 Second - third century AD
    503/1118 CIL XIV Suppl., 4290 Dedication to Isis Regina Ostia, Terme di Nettuno Second - third century AD
    503/1119 CIL XIV, 343 Funerary inscription of Cornelia Cocceia Marcianis Ostia Second - third century AD
    503/1120 CIL XIV Suppl., 4291 Reference to a duovir and tabernae Ostia, on the banks of the Tiber between the navalia
    and the Piccolo Mercato
    Second century AD
    503/1121 CIL XIV, 302 Funerary inscription of Arruntia Dynamis Ostia Middle of the first - middle of the second century AD
    503/1122 AE 1991, 312 Sarcophagus, perhaps with depiction of the temple of Isis Ostia Second half of the third century AD
    503/1123 CIL XIV, 429 Funerary inscription of Lucius Valerius Fyrmus Ostia Second half of the first or second century AD
    503/1124 CIL XIV Suppl., 4667 Funerary inscription, perhaps of a priest of Isis Ostia, Horrea V,XII,2 Second - third century AD
    503/1125 CIL XIV, 437 Sarcophagus of Marcus Ulpius Faedimus Ostia, Horrea V,XII,2 Second - third century AD
    503/1126 CIL XIV Suppl., 4325 Fragment mentioning a neocorus Ostia, on the Decumanus near the Terme di Nettuno Third century AD
    503/1127 CIL XIV Suppl., 4672 Funerary inscription of a priest of Isis Ostia  
    503/1128 CIL XIV Suppl., 4722 Harpocrates, proper name? Ostia, Sabazeo  
    503/1129 AE 1988, 213 Dedication to Jupiter Serapis and the Dioscures Ostia, Serapeum Late second - early third century AD
    503/1130 AE 1988, 215 Dedication to Jupiter Serapis and Hercules Ostia, Terme della Trinacria Late second - early third century AD
    503/1131 AE 1988, 214 Honorary inscription for M. Umbilius Maximinus Ostia, Serapeum March 1 200 AD
    503/1132 CIL XIV, 2028 Painting of the ship Isis Giminiana Ostia, Porta Laurentina necropolis Second - third century AD
    503/1133 AE 1999, 405 Dedication to Jupiter Sol great Sarapis Ostia, area of the Terme di Nettuno Third century AD
    503/1201 AE 1981, 180 Dedication to Jupiter Sol great Sarapis Isola Sacra, San Ippolito Reign of Hadrian or a little later
    503/1202 AE 1981, 181 Dedication to Serapis? Isola Sacra, San Ippolito Reign of Hadrian or a little later
    503/1203 IG XIV, 960 Dedication to Antinous Via Portuensis, Torlonia collection 130-138 AD
    503/1204 IG XIV, 1005 Dedication to Isis Pharia Portus Late second - early third century AD
    503/1205 CIL XIV, 47
    IG XIV, 915
    Dedication to Jupiter Sol great Sarapis Unknown Second half of the second century AD
    503/1206 IG XIV, 916 Dedication to Jupiter Sol great Sarapis Portus 200 AD or a little later
    503/1207 IG XIV, 917 Dedication of a statue of Adrastia Portus, locality called "Traianello", Trajan's basin 201 AD
    503/1208 IG XIV, 919 Dedication by neocorus Serenos Xiphidios Portus Early third century AD
    503/1209 IG XIV, 920 Dedication by neocorus Serenos Ostia Late second - early third century AD
    503/1210 IG XIV, 921 Dedication by neocorus Serenos Portus, found together with 503/1207 Early third century AD
    503/1211 IG XIV, 914 Dedication to Jupiter Sol great Sarapis Unknown 222-226 AD
    503/1212   Dedication to the most holy god Sarapis Portus Second - third century AD
    503/1213 IG XIV, 924 Dedication to ancestral gods Portus Third century AD
    503/1214   Dedication to Jupiter Sol great Sarapis Portus End of the reign of Trajan or reign of Hadrian
    503/1215 IG XIV, 923 Dedication by a navicularius Portus Early third century AD ?
    503/1216 IG XIV, 922 Dedication by Felicissimus Portus, in the Fossa Traiana near the Episcopium 211-217 AD
    503/1217 IG XIV, 918 Dedication by the navicularii of Alexandria for Commodus Unknown, villa of pope Julius III 177-192 AD
    503/1218 CIL XIV, 123 Dedication to Isis (?) and Magna Mater Portus Third century AD
    503/1219 CIL VI, 3709 Dedication by an actor to Serapis and Isis Portus ? Second century AD
    503/1220 CIL XIV, 188 Funerary inscription of a neocorus of Jupiter great Sarapis Ostia, said to belong to the Campana collection Second - third century AD
    503/1221 CIL XIV, 18 Dedication by a priest of Isis Portus Late second - early third century AD
    503/1222 CIL XIV, 19 Dedication by Calventia Severina and Aurelia Severa Portus Late second - early third century AD
    503/1223 AE 1961, 152
    AE 1968, 86
    AE 1971, 67
    Dedication of the restoration of the temple of Isis Portus, in the Fossa Traiana near the ancient beach Early 376 AD

    Works of art (the list is based primarily on Floriani Squarciapino 1962, supplemented especially by Malaise 1972, Mar 2001 and LIMC)

    Inv. nr.

    Object

    Deities - description

    Place of discovery

    Literature

    76

    Small marble bust

    Serapis

    Piazzale della Vittoria

     

    150

    Funerary stele

    Boy with "Horus lock", initiate in the cult of Isis.

    Via della Foce, "Taberna della Pollivendola"

    Photo: Becatti, 1938, pl. 34, fig. 1.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 83 no 14.
    Early fourth century AD.

    154

    Statue

    Isis with diadem and ureus

    Body from a wall in the Terme del Foro, head from the old collection in the castle.

    Photo: ICCD E027166.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 25 nr. 26.

    176

    Small stone bust

    Serapis

     

    Photo: Hornbostel 1973, Pl. CLXXVIII,288.
    Hornbostel 1973, 281.

    201

    Small marble bust

    Serapis

     

     

    202

    Small marble bust

    Serapis

    Piazzale della Vittoria

     

    203

    Statuette

    Serapis

     

     

    204

    Small marble head

    Serapis

    Decumanus

     

    205

    Small marble head

    Serapis

    Near Porta Laurentina

     

    206

    Small head

    Serapis

    Via dei Vigili

    Is this the head that was placed on inv. 1210?

    207

    Basalt statue

    Headless statue bearing hieroglyphs without meaning.

    Via della Foce

     

    208

    Torso of statuette of grey granite

    Stelophoros covered with hieroglyphs.

     

    Photo: Roullet 1962, fig. 242.
    Donadoni 1955 and 1986.
    Floriani Squarciapino 1962, 26.

    209

    Small headless marble bust

    Serapis

    Via della Foce, "Taberna della Pollivendola"

     

    210

    Torso of a statuette

    Serapis

     

     

    211

    Marble statuette

    Isis or a priestess of Isis

    Via della Foce

     

    216

    Marble statuette

    Isis

    Horrea di Hortensius

     

    222

    Remnant of sculpture of marble

    Probably a kneeling person, with inscription 503/1108.

    Via della Foce

     

    225

    Statue

    Bes

    Along the Cardo Maximus

     

    228

    Marble headless small bust

    Isis

    Tempio di Bellona

     

    494: side a; side b; side c; side d

    Marble

    Four columns supporting a perirrhanterion (water-basin used for ritual washing) or a statue of Isis. Harpocrates with mantle over the shoulder and uraeus. On the opposite side Anubis wearing a mantle. Two sacred bulls, one with a solar disc.

    Schola del Traiano

    Photos: Archivio Fotografico Ostia.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 23 nr. 21.

    545

    Marble head

    Isis or a girl in the cult

    Sacellum (= ?) in the Casa degli Aurighi

     

    969

    Marble statuette

    Isis Agraria or a port deity seated on an overturned basket, or on a roll of rope. It bears the dedication: BAEBIA THALLVSA | ET TEODOTVS D(onum) D(ederunt) | HILARIONI PATRI (AE 2001, 626). If pater is not to be understood in the sense of "father" of the two dedicators, it would suggest links with the cult of Mithras.

    Via della Foce

     

    1125

    Statuette

    Serapis with Cerberus

    Via della Foce, bottega "di fruttivendolo".

    Photo: Archivio Fotografico Ostia.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 45 nr. 2.

    1126

    Alabaster statuette, without arms and head (of marble?).

    Isis

    Via della Foce

    Photo: Parco Archeologico di Ostia.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 45 no 3.

    1210

    Statue

    Serapis

    Body found in north-easternmost shop in the façade of the theatre (not near the temple on the Piazzale delle Corporazioni). Head from Via dei Vigili?

    Photo: ICCD E027146B.
    NSc 1881, 120.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 22 no 16.

    1291

    Headless marble herm with bust.

    Serapis, with inscription 503/1107.

    Via della Foce, "Taberna della Pollivendola".

    Photo: Hornbostel 1973, Pl. XII, 14.

    The larger of the two is 1365

    Two antefixes of marble of different sizes. H. of the larger one 0.25.

    Adorned with urei, surmounted by the solar disc, which frame a lotus flower, between two feathers, also surmounted by the solar disc. The larger of the two is identical to two antefixes now preserved in the Museo Gregoriano Egizio, so that Romanelli put forward also for these the hypothesis of an Ostian origin (one is Museo Gregoriano Egizio inv. 94).

    Inv. 1365 found in a room to the south of the Piccolo Mercato.

    Photos: Roullet 1972, figs. 27, 28.
    NSc 1912, p. 133; Guida Museo Ostiense p. 25 nr. 27.
    G. Botti - P. Romanelli, Le sculture del Museo Gregoriano Egizio, Città del Vaticano 1951, nrs. 208-209.

    1898

    Three fragments of a sacrificial table.

    Egyptian sacrificial table with inscription of hieroglyphs with the name of Psammetichos I. In II-III AD an enthroned deity was added, with eagle and sceptre with snake: Serapis – Aesculapius - Jupiter.

    Via del Serapide

    Malaise 1972, nr. 92b.
    Fl. Squarciapino in FA 17 (1962), no 4875, p. 337.

    2146

    Oil lamp

    Isis and Serapis on the handle, Serapis-Helios on the disc. Stamp of Annius Serapiodorus.

    Isola Sacra necropolis

    Photo: V. Tran Tam Tinh, Isis et Serapis se regardant, RA 1970, fasc. 1, 55-80, fig. 9.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 85.

    2204

    Oil lamp

    Busts of Isis and Serapis.

     

    Stamp B (CIL, XV, 6334 a).
    Tran Tam Tinh in RA 1970, fasc. 1, p. 76.

    2415

    Oil lamp

    Busts of Isis and Serapis.

     

    Stamp C IVN BIT (CIL, XV, 6502).
    Tran Tam Tinh in RA 1970, fasc. 1, p. 76.

    2478

    Oil lamp

    With the symbol from the cult of Isis of the moon on the solar disc, like 2831.

     

    Stamp C IVN DRAC.

    2778

    Oil lamp

    Bull Apis

     

    Malaise 1972, pl. 8a.

    2932

    Oil lamp

    Anubis

     

    Malaise 1972, pl. 8b.

    3178

    Oil lamp

    Serapis on the handle.

     

     

    3179

    Oil lamp

    Serapis on the handle.

     

     

    3180

    Oil lamp

    Bust of Isis on the handle.

     

     

    3181

    Oil lamp

    Bust of Isis on the handle.

     

     

    3182

    Oil lamp

    Bust of Isis on the handle.

     

     

    3190

    Oil lamp

    Serapis on the handle.

     

     

    3191

    Oil lamp

    Handle surmounted by a crescent moon on which is a bust probably of Isis (perhaps the oil lamps 3193, 3195, 3196 also belong to this type).

     

     

    3192

    Oil lamp

    Handle surmounted by a crescent moon on which is a bust probably of Isis (perhaps the oil lamps 3193, 3195, 3196 also belong to this type).

     

     

    3197

    Oil lamp

    Sphinx on a crescent.

     

     

    3218

    Terracotta lamp for ten wicks. L. 0.36.

    Boat-shaped. In the centre, between two columns, Isis with sistrum and basket with snake. On the bow Serapis in an aedicula. On the stern Harpocrates in an aedicula, touching his mouth and holding a cornucopiae.

    Caupona di Fortunatus / room to the east of the caupona

    Photo: Archivio Fotografico Ostia.
    NSc 1909, 117-119.

    3226

    Terracotta bust

    Serapis with cup instead of modius.

     

    Photo: ICCD E027337B.

    3227

    Terracotta figurine

    Serapis

     

     

    3232

    Small terracotta head

    Isis

     

     

    3233

    Small terracotta head

    Isis

     

     

    3234

    Small terracotta head

    Isis

     

     

    3286

    Vase neck

    Bes-shaped

     

    Photo: ICCD E027337B.

    3549

    Small bronze bust

    Serapis

    Caseggiato dei Molini

    Photo: Parco Archeologico di Ostia.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 102.

    3550

    Small bronze bust

    Serapis

    Corridor to the north of the Piccolo Mercato.

    Photo: ICCD E027274B.
    NSc 1908, 248.

    3551

    Small bronze bust

    Serapis emerging from a chalice.

    Via della Foce, "to the south-west of the large barrel vaulted rooms (towards the Palazzo Imperiale)".

    Photo: ICCD E027274A.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 102.

    V16846

    Small bronze bust

    Serapis

     

    Photo: Arachne 60105.
    Museo Gregoriano Profano.

    3578

    Green basalt.

    Scarab. The hieroglyphs have no meaning.

     

    Photos: ICCD E027293A, E027293B.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 46 nr. 6.

    3580

    Statuette

    Osiris. In the cartouche is the name of Psammetichus.

     

    Photos: ICCD E027293A, E027293B.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 46 nr. 5.

    3585

    Terracotta statue

    (Isis-?)Fortuna, with traces of gilding.

    Caseggiato del Sacello

    Photo: Archivio Fotografico Ostia B511.
    Floriani Squarciapino 1947.

    4368

    Oval carnelian

    Serapis with Cerberus

     

     

    4370

    Carnelian

    Serapis

     

     

    4622

    Small terracotta bust

    Isis

     

     

    5419

    Oil lamp

    Serapis on the disc.

     

     

    5439

    Terracotta slab with pumice inlay (0.49 x 0.60)

    The bull Apis

    Caseggiato III,XVI,6

    Photo: Archivio Fotografico Ostia, B706.
    Floriani Squarciapino 1956.

    5535

    Terracotta oil lamp

    On the disc Isis with ureus and lotus flower, holding patera and sistrum, flanked by Anubis with caduceus and palm leaf, and Harpocrates with lotus flower, holding cornucopiae and palm leaf. On the crescent-shaped handle Jupiter-Serapis above an eagle.

    From the fullonica near the Caserma dei Vigili.

    Photo: Archivio Fotografico Ostia.
    Guida Museo Ostiense p. 85.
    First half of the first century AD (LIMC).

    36561
    36562
    36563

    Fragments of statue of black basalt

    Fragments of an Egyptian statue.

    Via del Serapeo, in front of the entrance of the Serapeum

     

    Presumably in Vatican Museums

    Statue of basalt

    Kneeling pastophoros or naophoros carrying an aedicula with the image of Isis.

    Found in 1860 “near the bank of the Tiber”.

    Visconti 1864, CXXXIV.
    Paschetto 1912, 165, 402, 549 nr. 394.

    V10615

    Epistylium of tomb

    Relief of Harpocrates, bovines, sistrum, uraeus, with inscription 503/1101.

    Porta Romana necropolis.

    Museo Gregoriano Profano.

    V10700

    Relief

    Date palm and leaf

    On the bank of the Tiber.

    Photo: Arachne 68232.
    Paschetto 1912, 402-403.
    Museo Gregoriano Profano.

    V16846

    Small bronze bust

    Serapis

     

    Photo: Arachne 60105.
    Museo Gregoriano Profano.

    SO IV-290

    Mosaic

    The bull Apis

    Portal of the Serapeum

    Photo: SO IV, nr. 290, pl. CI.

    Back wall;
    left wall;
    right wall

    Painting

    Shrine with stucco relief of Serapis, paintings of Fortuna (left wall) and Isis (right wall).

    Caseggiato del Serapide

    Photos: ICCD E040713 and Jan Theo Bakker.
    Bakker 1994, 225-226.

    Painting

    Painting

    Isis, Harpocrates

    Sacello del Silvano

    Photo: Archivio Fotografico Ostia.
    Bakker 1994, 255-256.

    Painting

    Painting

    “Priestess of Isis”

    Porta Laurentina necropolis, tomb 18

    Photo: ICCD E035631.

    Painting

    Painting

    The navigium Isidis?

    Near the Campus of the Magna Mater

    Nogara, Nozze Aldobrandine

    Painting

    Painting

    The ship Isis Giminiana.

    Porta Laurentina necropolis

    Photo: Vatican Museums.

    MT20

    Support of red porphyry

    Bust of Isis-Hathor supported by Bes.

    Portus

    Photo: Museo Torlonia.

    MT13

    Capital of grey granite

    In Egyptian style.

    Portus

    Photo: Visconti 1884 (Museo Torlonia).


    [jthb - 25-Nov-2020]